Posts Tagged ‘plant census’

Monsoon showers bring summer flowers

October 31, 2011

Last month, September 30-October 5, a group of fellow Portal enthusiasts (Zachary Brym, Katherine Thibault, and Christa Weise) got together at the site to take on not only the rodent survey, but also the summer annual and perennial plant survey. Each experimental plot (50 m X 50 m) also has 16 (0.5 m X 0.5 m) permanent plant sampling quadrats within it so that we can understand what changes might occur in the plant community from year-to-year or based on differences in what rodents might be munching or moving around their seeds. We weren’t sure that we could actually finish the survey between our schedule flights to Arizona, but found that a determined group of (mostly) mammalogists could actually do pretty well at identifying desert plants!

There doesn’t seem to be a great field guide for the plant occurring at the site (barely in Arizona, almost in New Mexico, and a desert transition zone…) but we compiled a small ‘library’ to take out with us including a mini-herbarium of plants pressed over the years, the Flora of New Mexico book, Flora of Arizona Book (Epple), and the Peterson Field Guide to Southwestern and Texas Wildflowers, and a Grasses of Arizona Book. We’d love to hear any suggestions for other guide books for the area, especially for grasses or non-flowering ID characters.

The weather was great and by working all day everyday, we were able to sample all our rodents (still a desert pocket mouse takeover) and get to all the plant quadrates with very few unidentifiable individuals! The area near the Chiricahua mountains seems to have gotten more monsoon rain that many other areas of southeastern Arizona, so there were quite a few plants to count relative to some other years, and I would guess (haven’t finished entering data yet!) that there were about 15 species of annual plants per plot. This is actually relatively high diversity for this site, since many years have less than 5 species present! Most common was the Summer Poppy (Kallstroemia grandiflora), Woolly Tidestromia (Tidestromia lanuginosa), two species of spiderling (Boerhavia intermedia and torreyana) and panicum grass (Panicum arizonicum and hirticaule). We tried to photo document everything identified (and unidentified!) and hope to update our mini-herbarium soon since many of the samples are becoming worse for the wear.

It was a lot of work and a cobbled together fast trip, but we sampled everything and had a lot of fun!

This is a photo of plot 16 showing the vegetation this year. It may look sparse, but its a lot more vegetation than in the last few seasons!

Pit tagging a small desert pocket mouse, Chaetodipus penicllatus.

Kate gets reacquainted with the rodents.

Working on identifying plants in a quadrat, with Christa Weise.

Using the herbarium cards to identify a more rare species this year, Euphorbia micromera.

This is an unidentified carpetweed, Kallstroemia spp. It was really common this year...Any ideas?

Some of the grasses are tricky! We brought back samples of this one, but couldn't decide if it was Eragrostis arid or intermedia. We left the site leaning more towards intermedia.

Zack Brym, Kate Thibault, and Christa Weise work hard on an especially grassy sampling site.

We were lucky to get showers each afternoon to cool things down.

Portal Plant and mapping adventures

September 28, 2011

Last March, a team from our lab (Sarah Supp, Kate Thibault, Zack Brym, and Maria Brym) trekked down to Portal to take on the rodent and winter annual plant surveys, along with officially mapping all sampling points at the site. Up to this point, any spatial data at the site was estimated using aerial photos or roughly done using the regular spacing of stakes. We were able to use a super-accurate system (ProMark3 GPS units) to get GIS data reliable with less than 2 cm error!

Green points are plot corners, Red points are the corners of plant sampling quadrats (0.25 m2 each), and yellow are the rodent trapping stakes.

We’re excited to now have this data available and we are leaving this weekend to tackle the summer plant survey along with the usual rodent trapping.

Spring Plant Census

April 30, 2009

Given the lack of moisture this winter, there were few annual plants to count this spring.  We found just a handful of Erodium and Lesquerella individuals hiding in all the standing dead annual grasses.  On this trip we also conducted a census of perennial shrubs and grasses on the plots.  This is a survey we have conducted every 3-5 years since 1989.  Perennial grasses appear to have declined recently on all plots while Ephedra seemed to be more abundant that in previous censuses.  We’ll be working up the data soon.

Erodium cicutarium

Erodium cicutarium